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Lunch Counter Sit-Ins (1960)
No Sound on Film
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  • Highlights
    Doctors treat 27-year-old Felton Turner, the victim of a hate crime. On the night of March 7, 1960, Turner was kidnapped at gunpoint by four hooded white men. The assailants transported Turner to an isolated wooded area, where they beat him with chains and hung him from a tree by his feet. As the gruesome footage shows, the men also scratched two sets of "KKK" into Turner's stomach with a knife. Turner eventually worked the ropes off his hands and feet and walked to a nearby night watchman's house to call the police. He told police that one assailant told him that they were hired to assault him in response to the lunch counter protests staged by Texas Southern University students. 
    Detective D. M. Felts inspects the rope used to assault Turner
    Interview with Captain Weldon Richard Waycott
    Interview with a suspect in the crime. On March 16, police filed a felony charge of disfiguring against 18-year-old Ronald Gene Erickson. After nearly 24 hours of questioning, Erickson signed a statement confessing to the abduction but denied participating in the beating or mutilation of Turner. He also named three accomplices.
    Turner attempts to identify one of his attackers in a police line up
    Stores closing their lunch departments does not deter Texas Southern University students from continuing their peaceful protests
    Lunch counter sit-in at Mading's Drugs on March 5
    Demonstration against segregation outside City Hall
    A KPRC reporter speaks with Houston Mayor Lewis Cutrer
    Sit in at the lunch counter of a Woolworth department store
    Protest at a second Woolworth's
    White patrons crowd the remaining open counter, presumably to block civil rights protesters
    Woolworth department store on the corner of Main and McKinney Streets in downtown Houston. The F. W. Woolworth Company was a five-and-dime retail chain with stores all across the United States and abroad. This location opened in 1949 as the largest Woolworth's ever constructed, costing $8 million. 
    Turner speaks to a KPRC reporter
    Sit-in at Mading's Drugs
    Investigators question another youth suspected in the Turner assault. Police questioned and released the three persons named by Erickson as accomplices. 
    Police line up
    Sit-in at a Walgreen's drug store
    The tagline of "drugs with a reputation" takes on new meaning amidst the protests against segregated lunch counters
    Mading's Drugs removes the seats from its lunch counter stools to inhibit protesters
    The Weingarten Supermarket on Almeda shuts down its lunch counter. TSU students began the series of demonstrations at the store on March 4. Now a post office, the property bears a Texas Historical Commission marker identifying it as the site of the city's first sit-in. "There are few events we can point to that changed the world," then Mayor Anise Parker said at the 2010 ceremony. "We're here today to commemorate one event that changed the course of our city, irrevocably."
    Another store ropes off its lunch counter 
    Lunch counter demonstration at a Walgreen's
    Enterprising individuals take advantage of the closed lunch counters to sell sandwiches, snacks, and coffee to white city employees from a food truck outside City Hall
    Deserted lunch counter
    "White City Employees Only"
    Picketers outside City Hall
    Integrated lunch counter
    Woolworth's sit-in
    Police question another youth suspected in the Turner assault