Shot for an Austin-based news affiliate, this raw footage captures the dedication of President Lyndon Baines Johnson's boyhood home in Johnson City as a museum on May 13, 1965. (The house is now a part of the Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park.) Judge Homer Thornberry presides over the ceremony. Also included is footage of Governor John Connally leading a press conference in his public reception room at the Texas State Capitol. Please note: The majority of the film, including all but the final line of Thornberry's speech, is silent.
The 38th Texas State Governor, John Bowden Connally Jr., was born on a farm near Floresville, Texas, on February 27, 1917. Connally graduated from the University of Texas in 1941 with a law degree and was subsequently admitted to the State Bar of Texas. He began his political career as a legislative assistant to Representative Lyndon B. Johnson in 1939. The two retained a close but often torrid friendship until LBJ's death. After returning from U.S. Naval combat in the Pacific Theater, Connally joined an influential Austin law firm, served as LBJ's campaign manager and aide, and became oil tycoon Sid W. Richardson's legal counsel. Connally's reputation as a political mastermind was solidified after managing five of LBJ's major political campaigns, including the 1964 presidential election. In 1961, Connally served as Secretary of the Navy under President John F. Kennedy.
Wealthy financiers like Sid Richardson and a strong grass-roots network of supporters helped Connally win his first gubernatorial election in 1962. The three-term governor fought to expand higher education by increasing teachers' salaries, creating new doctoral programs, and establishing the Texas Commission on the Arts and the Texas Historical Commission. In 1969, President Richard Nixon appointed Connally to the foreign-intelligence advisory board. He was named the sixty-first Secretary of Treasury in 1971. Connally became one of the President's principal advisors and headed the Democrats for Nixon organization, finally switching to the Republican Party in 1973. Connally is also remembered nationally for being in the car with President Kennedy during his assasination in Dallas in 1963, when Connally received wounds in his chest, wrist, and thigh.
The former Texas governor announced in January 1979 that he would seek the Republican presidential nomination. His campaign was abandoned after media attacks over a controversial public speech and bank partnership. Financial troubles befell Connally by the mid 1980s after a real estate development partnership with former Texas Representative Ben Barnes collapsed. John Connally died on June 15, 1993 and is interred at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin.
William Homer Thornberry was a Democratic politician born in Austin on January 9, 1909. His parents, William and Mary, were both deaf and taught at the State School for the Deaf and Blind. Homer graduated from Austin High School and earned his bachelor's and a law degree from the University of Texas at Austin. He was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1937, where he remained until 1941. He briefly served as a District Attorney for Travis County before enlisting the Navy during World War II. He also sat on the Austin City Council and served as Mayor Pro Tempore.
In 1948, Thornberry was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, taking over Lyndon B. Johnson's seat. He remained until his resignation in 1963, when President John F. Kennedy appointed him to the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas. He held that position until 1965, when President Johnson appointed him to be a judge on the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, where he presided over many civil rights cases. He was nominated to serve on the Supreme Court when Abe Fortas was poised to replace Chief Justice Earl Warren, but that nomination was rescinded when Fortas withdrew his own nomination.
Thornberry was elected to the Austin High School Hall of Honor in 1983, and he received the Leon Green Award from the Texas Law Review Association of the University of Texas School of Law in 1986. He was married to Eloise Engle until her death in 1989, and he died on December 12, 1995, in Austin.
Gordon Wilkison began work as a cameraman at the local Austin television station KTBC (now FOX 7) during 1952, its first year of operation. At the time the station was owned by the Texas Broadcasting Company, which was owned by Senator Lyndon B. and Lady Bird Johnson. This relationship would continue to shape Wilkison's career well into the next decades. During the Johnson administration, Wilkison covered the President's visits to Texas, preparing material for national and international news correspondents.
A particularly notable moment is his career occurred on August 1, 1966, when Wilkison and KTBC reporter Neal Spelce risked their lives to capture footage of the Tower shooting at the University of Texas.
Wilkison was also the General Manager of Photo Processors at the LBJ Broadcasting Corporation, which he later took over and renamed Cenetex Film Labs. In addition to his camera work and film processing, his work at the station also included direction of a number of television film productions.
Outside of KTBC, Wilkison shot, edited, and processed Longhorn football game footage for the University of Texas, a partnership that lasted nearly 30 years.
Recognizing the historical value of film and news footage, Wilkison kept the material, later contributing hundreds of reels to the Texas Archive of the Moving Image's collection.