On October 28, 1970, President Richard Nixon arrived in Texas to campaign for Republican candidates, including then US Congressman George H. W. Bush—running for US Senate—and gubernatorial nominee Paul Eggers. An estimated crowd of 20,000 people attended a joint rally for the Texas candidates in Longview. Later that day, Nixon traveled to Dallas for a similarly packed political event at Market Hall. Senator John Tower of Texas served as master of ceremonies at both rallies. The president's visit was part of a two-day, four-stop tour—or "rescue mission," as Nixon reportedly said during his speeches—to endorse Republican senators in Florida and Texas in the days leading up to the November election. Facing Democratic majorities in both chambers of Congress, the president sought to strengthen his party's influence with Republican wins in the midterm elections. Bush and Eggers were both defeated. This raw news footage for Houston's KPRC-TV captures scenes from the Dallas rally. Some 15,000 people filled the venue, while thousands more were reportedly turned away. In his remarks, Nixon praises Eggers and Bush before promoting the efforts of his administration.
Kathryn "Kay" Bailey Hutchison was born on July 22, 1943, in Galveston, Texas. She graduated from the University of Texas School of Law in 1967. Unable to find employment at a law firm, Hutchison first pursued television journalism. Joining Houston's KPRC-TV in 1969 as a legal and political correspondent, she became one of the first on-air newswomen in Texas. An interview with Anne Armstrong, co-chair of the Republican National Committee, inspired the burgeoning reporter to consider a career in politics. After working as Armstrong's press secretary, Hutchison successfully ran for a seat in the Texas House of Representatives in 1972. She left the Texas Legislature after two terms to serve as vice-chair of the National Transportation Safety Board.
Hutchison briefly left politics for the private sector in 1982 following an unsuccessful campaign for US Congress. For eight years, she worked as a banking executive and owner of a candy manufacturing company. In 1990, Hutchison was elected Texas State Treasurer. Two years later, she co-chaired the Republican National Convention, held in Houston.
In 1993, Hutchison launched a campaign to fill the US Senate seat vacated by Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen. The open primary attracted 24 candidates, with Hutchison ultimately defeating interim appointee Bob Krueger by a 29-percent margin. She served three six-year terms, eventually becoming the most senior female senator in the Republican Conference and the fifth most senior female senator overall.
In 2010, Hutchison unsuccessfully challenged Rick Perry in the Republican gubernatorial primary. Fearing her own primary challenger during the 2012 election, she decided not to run for a fourth term. Following her retirement from the Senate, Hutchison joined the Dallas office of the Houston-based law firm, Bracewell & Giuliani LLP. In 2017, she was appointed the US Permanent Representative to NATO.
George Herbert Walker Bush is the 41st President of the United States and the father of George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States.
Bush was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts, to Prescott Bush, a US senator from Connecticut, and Dorothy Walker Bush. He spent his youth in Greenwich, Connecticut, and Andover, Massachusetts, where he become involved in student government, sports, and the school newspaper. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, he became an aviator for the US Navy.
Bush married Barbara Pierce in 1945, and they eventually had six children: George, Robin, John (called Jeb), Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy. After earning a degree from Yale University, Bush moved to Midland, Texas, to work in the oil industry, eventually starting two companies. The family then moved to Houston, where Bush began to pursue a career in politics and served as chairman of the Republican Party in Harris County. After a failed campaign for US Senate, he won an election to the US House of Representatives in 1966 and served two terms for Texas. In 1970, he attempted to win a seat in the Senate, but lost again.
After this defeat, Bush was appointed by President Richard Nixon to be an ambassador to the United Nations. He then served as chairman of the Republican National Committee, chief of the US Liaison Office in the People's Republic of China, and director of the CIA. In 1980, Bush lost the Republican nomination for president, but was chosen as Ronald Reagan's running mate. He was Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Following Reagan's second term, Bush was elected president. During his term, he secured a peaceful partnership with Russia at the end of the Cold War, and he led Operation Desert Storm to free Kuwait from Iraq. Despite these successes, Bush's popularity suffered due to the weak economy, and he lost reelection for a second term to Bill Clinton. He and Barbara returned to Houston in 1992.