GK: An Empresario's just a land contract, someone who made a contract with the Spanish government to settle the land. See the Spanish had been in Texas
for almost three hundred years at that time. They came to Christianize the Indians. They had a governor over in San Antonio, San Fernando de Bexar they called it then. The other major
settlements were around Nacogdoches and Goliad. You see what Texas is like today, but back in oh…1819-1820…this whole area was empty territory. Most of Texas from the Sabine to the Rio Grande
was empty wilderness. And I mean wilderness. This allowed room for lots more people to come in, but they hand their problems. For one thing, the Indians were always trying to drive them out.
But after all, it was their land. Then back in East Texas, there were some American frontier types coming in giving the Spanish trouble. There was a big dispute as to where the U.S. ended and
Texas began. Finally in, oh, uh, 1819, I think it was, the Spanish made a treaty with the United States. They said the U.S. boundary stopped right at the Sabine River. But even that didn't
settle the argument. They couldn't even agree which river was the Sabine River.